Pollution and solution

Pollution is the major problem we are facing nowadays. It occurs when pollutants contaminate the natural surroundings. Pollution disturbs the balance of our ecosystems, affect our normal lifestyles and gives rise to human illnesses and global warming. Pollution has reached its peak due to the development and modernization in our lives. We waste the bounties of our nature without a thought that our actions cause serious problems.

There are many forms of pollution. Air pollution one of the most dangerous forms of pollution. A biological, chemical and physical alteration of the air occurs when smoke, dust and other harmful gases enter into atmosphere and make it difficult for all living beings to survive as the air becomes contaminated. The effects of air pollution are alarming. It causes global warming, acid rains, respiratory and heart problems. Soil pollution occurs when the presence of pollutants, contaminants and toxic chemicals in the soil is in high concentration. It has negative effect on soil, vegetation, ground water and humans. This type of contamination happens due to industrial activity, waste disposal, acid rain and accidental oil spills. Water pollution is able to lead our world on a path of destruction. Water is one of the greatest natural resources of the whole humanity. The key causes of water pollution are industrial waste, mining activities, sewage, waste water, marine dumping, animal waste, radioactive waste and leakage from sewer lines. Noise pollution takes place when noise and unpleasant sounds cause temporary disruption in the natural balance. It is usually caused by industrialization, social events, poor urban planning, transportation and construction activities. Noise pollution leads to hearing problems, health issues, sleeping disorders and trouble communicating.

Environmental pollution has negatively affected the life of both animals and humans. The only way to control current environmental issue is to implement conservation methods and create sustainable development strategies. We should make smart transportation choices. We should take advantage of public transportation or walk whenever possible. We should conserve energy. Turn off lights when we are not in the room. Small steps lead to huge changes. We should use energy efficient devices. Follow the concept of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. We must conserve water as much as possible. We must not waste even a single drop of water because each water drop matters. Use of pesticides and herbicides must be discouraged. The masses should be educated on the danger of different types of pollution. People should know everything about consequences of the environment pollution in order to prevent the worst from happening, Let’s protect the water we drink, the air we breathe and the soil we use to grow our food. Let’s protect our Mother Earth.

Pollution and solution
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Marvin Chukwuka

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